A Brief Primer on Digital Photos
by Ken W. Watson
This little section of my website will deal with the world of digital photography and digital photos. It will answer some of the basic questions about digital photography such as "What exactly is a digital photo", "What is DPI", and "How do I properly archive digital photos." I've had bits and pieces of this on various sections of my website, this page brings it all together.
The following are links to a series of articles that deals with various aspects of digital photography. Some was initially written for the specific use of digital photography in genealogy - but the information has application to all aspects of digital photography:
DIGITAL PHOTO PIXELS
You may have to wait a few seconds for the full sequence of 6 photos to load and play.
Keep your eye on the eye
At full zoom this shows the individual pixels that make up this photo.
What is a Digital Photo - an article dealing with the basics of a digital photo - from pixels to common digital photo formats.
Storing Digital Photos - your only "negatives" are your computer files. Are they safe? Have they been backed up? Have you developed a "workflow" to ensure the preservation of your photos?
Labelling Digital Photos - digital photos have no back to write on - so how do you label them? The mysteries of IPTC and XMP metadata.
The Myth of DPI - the term DPI (dots per inch) is misinterpreted by some to be a measure of digital image quality - but it has absolutely nothing to do with the quality of a digital image. Learn about what really makes up the quality of a digital photo.
Printing at Home - don't downsample (resize) those images for printing - it's an easy mistake to make with some photo software. How to print while maintaining your pixels.
What Commercial Print Shops really Want - Some print shops, graphics designers and magazines are hung up on DPI. So given that DPI is meaningless in a digital photo, what do they really want? (hint: PPI).
Changing Digital Photo DPI - how to change the DPI of your digital photo without resizing the image. How to give a print shop what they think they want.
How to Change the Size of a Digital Photo - all about resizing and saving photos for specific purposes - archiving, printing, web posting, emailing.
Digital Photos Frequently Asked Questions - a little FAQ answering some common questions about digital photos.
Geotagging Digital Photos - a very brief introduction to adding geographic location information (latitude and longitude) to your digital photos.
Scanning - although this website is about photos taken with a digital camera - I get asked about scanning, where DPI does count. So, I've added a page with a bit of info about DPI and scanners.
Digital Images and Genealogy - genealogy these days has a large digital component. This section deals with the many issues of digital images and genealogy including: Camera or Scanner, Copying Old Photos, Visible Captioning, Choosing a Camera, Print Longevity and Sending Photos to Relatives. And of course, general digital photos topics such as how to store and archive digital photos is of great use to today's genealogist.
Photo Programs: I'm generally loath to recommend specific software, but some of the programs mentioned in these articles include:
Many professional photographers make use of Adobe's Lightroom, but while excellent for RAW processing and colour management, as a photo organizer (thumbnail program) it's very slow (and also expensive) - Breezebrowser or XnView would be a better choice.
- Breezebrowser (Windows) www.breezesys.com a commercial thumbnail viewing program that I use for many jobs, including batch entry of IPTC data and batch resizing of images (of note, it is not a photo editor, I have it linked to Adobe Photoshop for editing).
- XnView (Windows) or XnViewMP (Window/Linux/mac) www.xnview.com a freeware program very similar to Breezebrowser with full IPTC/XMP implementation.
- Zoner Photo Studio (Windows) free.zoner.com is another IPTC/XMP compliant thumbnail program with many capabilities, with both free and paid (more features) versions.
- Adobe Photoshop (Windows/mac) (www.adobe.com) is generally considered the premier photo editing program. It's very expensive and for most users the much less expensive Adobe Photoshop Elements is all that is needed.
2013 Update: Adobe has released all their CS2 software as freeware - this includes the full version of Photoshop. While a few versions old, it would be a good starting point to learn Photoshop if you don't have it or Photoshop Elements on your computer. You can download it from www.adobe.com/downloads/cs2_downloads/
- Irfanview (Windows) www.irfanview.com is notable both because it's a good photo editing program and it's free. Another noteable freeware program is Google's Picasa (Windows/Linux/mac)
- picasa.google.com, a good photo organizer program.