2. James George Stanfield
baptismal listing for Clarkson Stanfield, son of James George"Stansfield" shows occupation of James George to be "Hawker".
6. Clarkson* Frederick Stanfield
Artist - married Mary Hutchinson & Rebecca Adcock. 9 sons, 3daughters. Native of Sunderland.
Famous painter - best known for marine subjects. From 1808 to 1818 hewas a sailor, first as a merchant sailor and then in 1812 waspress-ganged into the Royal Navy. Disabled in a fall from therigging, he took up painting, first as a scene painter (theatre) thenwith easel (from about the 1830s).
Clarkson Stanfield was born in Sunderland on 3rd. December 1793, beingthe fifth and youngest child of James Field Stanfield (1747-1824).
James Field Stanfield was an Irishman and ex seaman, actor and author.
Young Stanfield was apprenticed as a boy to a Heraldic Painter inEdinburgh, but went to sea in a Merchant Ship at the age of fifteen.In 1812, he was pressed into the Navy which he left in 1814, after anaccident. He was a merchant sailor until 1816 when he turned to scenepainter. He became a scene painter of great repute, working intheatres in London and Edinburgh, at the same time he began to paintsmall marines in oil and met his great friend David Roberts, R.A.(1796-1864), who returned to London with him.
He firstly exhibited in 1820, and was recognised as a marine painterof great promise. He was one of the founders of the Society ofBritish Artists in 1823, becoming it's President in 1829, the sameyear he sent his first picture to the Royal Academy. He was electedAssociate of the Royal Academy and a Royal Academician in 1832 and1835, and had, by this time, completely given up scene painting andwas devoting himself entirely to easel pictures.
Painting in both oil and watercolour he specialised in shipping,coastal and river scenes, making regular visits to Italy, France andHolland and painting many Venetian views in the 1830's and Dutchscenes in the 1840's and from that time he lived in Hertfordshire,settling in Hampstead in 1847. He was commissioned to paint theopening of the New London Bridge and Portsmouth Harbour by KingWilliam IV, but probably his finest work was the "Battle of Trafalgar"in 1863, painted for the United Services Club in Pall Mall, London,where it still hangs to this very day.
Clarkson Stanfield is regarded as one of England's finest marinepainters, and to Ruskin he was "the leader of the English realists".He was held in great esteem, and no artist could have shown moreknowledge of ships and sea conditions, -and he was considered Turner'snearest rival as a delineator of cloud forms.
He died in Hampstead on 18th. May 1867, and his works are representedin many English Collections and Galleries, including the BritishMuseum and the Victorian and Albert Museum in London. His Studio salewas held at Christie's on the 8th May 1868.
He exhibited between 1820~1867; 135 R.A., 22 B.I.. 21 S.S.
Pieter Van Der Merwe notes that the name William Clarkson Stanfield isa common error. Some have him as Frederick Clarkson Field Stanfieldbut the most compelling evidence is for Clarkson Frederick Stanfield.His signet ring had the initials CFS. A draft memo of agreement in1817 states "An agreement between the Trustees - Richard Carruthers,John Alpe and Joseph Vickers and 'Clarkson Frederick Stanfield, ScenePainter' " (Spectacular Career of Clarkson Stanfield, p.47).
The baptismal record for his daughter Mary Elizabeth Stanfield showsfather's name as "Frederick Clarkson Field Stanfield" - mother's name"Mary".
From about 1857 he had trouble with his left leg and rheumatism andneuralgia kept him housebound for weeks on end. On May 11, 1867 hewas taken ill with a stomach haemorrhage and died "quite peacefully"at 5:30 pm on Saturday, May 18, 1867
Although his father was born Catholic, there are indications that whenJames Field gave up the priesthood and took to sea, he also abandonedCatholicism. Presumably Clarkson was raised as a Protestant.However, his eldest son Henry died at age 11 in 1838, and afterClarkson spent much time in Italy that year, he seems to have movedback towards Catholicism. By 1842 he was friends with a young catholicarchitect, Augustus Pugin. Pugin and another friend Etty (a highAnglican) appear to have had a great religious effect on him.Clarkson appears to have been a practising Catholic by 1842 and wasbaptized or re-baptized on October 3, 1846 with the names ThomasClarkson (a week after his original namesake, Reverend ThomasClarkson, died at the age of 87) - from the Spectacular Career ofClarkson Stanfield. As an addendum to this note, his children wereall baptised as Protestants, up to and including his second lastchild, Field Stanfield, baptised on April 16, 1844 at Saint Pancras,Old Church, London. I do not have any baptismal information about hislast child, Edward, born about 1845.
The Late Mr. Stanfield - an essay by Charles Dickens, May, 1867
Every Artist, be he writer, painter, musician, or actor, must bear
his private sorrows as he best can, and must separate them from the
exercise of his public pursuit. But it sometimes happens, in
compensation, that his private loss of a dear friend represents a
loss on the part of the whole community. Then he may, without
obtrusion of his individuality, step forth to lay his little wreath
upon that dear friend's grave.
On Saturday, the eighteenth of this present month, Clarkson
Stanfield died. On the afternoon of that day, England lost the
great marine painter of whom she will be boastful ages hence; the
National Historian of her speciality, the Sea; the man famous in all
countries for his marvellous rendering of the waves that break upon
her shores, of her ships and seamen, of her coasts and skies, of her
storms and sunshine, of the many marvels of the deep. He who holds
the oceans in the hollow of His hand had given, associated with
them, wonderful gifts into his keeping; he had used them well
through threescore and fourteen years; and, on the afternoon of that
spring day, relinquished them for ever.
It is superfluous to record that the painter of "The Battle of
Trafalgar", of the "Victory being towed into Gibraltar with the body
of Nelson on Board", of "The Morning after the Wreck", of "The
Abandoned", of fifty more such works, died in his seventy-fourth
year, "Mr." Stanfield.--He was an Englishman.
Those grand pictures will proclaim his powers while paint and canvas
last. But the writer of these words had been his friend for thirty
years; and when, a short week or two before his death, he laid that
once so skilful hand upon the writer's breast and told him they
would meet again, "but not here", the thoughts of the latter turned,
for the time, so little to his noble genius, and so much to his
He was the soul of frankness, generosity, and simplicity. The most
genial, the most affectionate, the most loving, and the most lovable
of men. Success had never for an instant spoiled him. His interest
in the Theatre as an Institution--the best picturesqueness of which
may be said to be wholly due to him--was faithful to the last. His
belief in a Play, his delight in one, the ease with which it moved
him to tears or to laughter, were most remarkable evidences of the
heart he must have put into his old theatrical work, and of the
thorough purpose and sincerity with which it must have been done.
The writer was very intimately associated with him in some amateur
plays; and day after day, and night after night, there were the same
unquenchable freshness, enthusiasm, and impressibility in him,
though broken in health, even then.
No Artist can ever have stood by his art with a quieter dignity than
he always did. Nothing would have induced him to lay it at the feet
of any human creature. To fawn, or to toady, or to do undeserved
homage to any one, was an absolute impossibility with him. And yet
his character was so nicely balanced that he was the last man in the
world to be suspected of self-assertion, and his modesty was one of
his most special qualities.
He was a charitable, religious, gentle, truly good man. A genuine
man, incapable of pretence or of concealment. He had been a sailor
once; and all the best characteristics that are popularly attributed
to sailors, being his, and being in him refined by the influences of
his Art, formed a whole not likely to be often seen. There is no
smile that the writer can recall, like his; no manner so naturally
confiding and so cheerfully engaging. When the writer saw him for
the last time on earth, the smile and the manner shone out once
through the weakness, still: the bright unchanging Soul within the
altered face and form.
No man was ever held in higher respect by his friends, and yet his
intimate friends invariably addressed him and spoke of him by a pet
name. It may need, perhaps, the writer's memory and associations to
find in this a touching expression of his winning character, his
playful smile, and pleasant ways. "You know Mrs. Inchbald's story,
Nature and Art?" wrote Thomas Hood, once, in a letter: "What a fine
Edition of Nature and Art is Stanfield!"
Gone! And many and many a dear old day gone with him! But their
memories remain. And his memory will not soon fade out, for he has
set his mark upon the restless waters, and his fame will long be
sounded in the roar of the sea.
Noted as having a powerful and somewhat forbidding personality.Clarkson was devoted to her and was obviously very close. When hetravelled, he expected and received a letter from her almost everyday. Dickens once stated that she was "cold and fishy as usual".
She was a competent mother, raising 10 children of whom only one(Henry) died in childhood (a great feat in those days). She wasextremely musical, playing both harp and piano. She taught herchildren and grandchildren to sing in operas.
She converted to Catholicism at the same time as her husband in the1840s.
- from The Spectacular Career of Clarkson Stanfield.
16. Henry James Field (Harry) Stanfield
Baptism listed as record 791 for Saint John the Evangelist in London.Birth Date is not listed. Parents Clarkson & Rebecca Stanfield,abode: Princes Street. [photocopy of baptismal record]
19. John Campbell Stanfield
The "black sheep"; disappeared to Canada or Australia and still abroadin 1870. Said to have returned to England with an acting troupe, "TheStanfield Merrymakers". - Pieter van der Merwe
Baptismal record #1964 of Saint Pancras, Old Church, London, 1833,shows birth as October 9, 1833 and parents Clarkson & RebeccaStanfield living at Mornington Crescent (36 Mornington Crescent -Pieter van der Merwe)
20. Francis Stanfield
Became a RC priest (The Spectacular Career of Clarkson Stanfield)
Baptismal record 2064 of Saint Pancras, Old Church, London, 1837,shows birth date as November 5, 1835 with parents Clarkson & RebeccaStanfield living at Mornington Crescent (36 Mornington Crescent -Pieter van der Merwe). Francis was baptised on the same day as hisyounger sister Harriet.
21. Harriet Theresa Stanfield
Baptismal record 2065 of Saint Pancras, Old Church, London, 1837,shows birth date as April 8, 1837 with parents Clarkson & RebeccaStanfield living at Mornington Crescent (36 Mornington Crescent -Pieter van der Merwe). Harriet was baptised on the same day as herolder brother Francis.
22. Rebecca Stanfield
Baptismal record 1276 of Saint Pancras, Old Church, London, 1840,shows birth date as possibly January 10, 1840 (this could easily be inerror - very hard to read) with parents Clarkson & Rebecca Stanfieldliving at Mornington Place (48 Mornington Place - Pieter van derMerwe).
23. Raymund Stanfield
Became a RC priest (the Spectacular Career of Clarkson Stanfield)
Baptismal record 1972 of Saint Pancras, Old Church, London, 1842,shows birth date as September 1, 1841 with parents Clarkson & RebeccaStanfield living at Mornington Place (48 Mornington Place - Pieter vander Merwe).
26. Clarkson William Stanfield
It is noted that Clarkson William had some sort of "mentaldisturbance". In addition, he didn't get along with his stepmother.He died of consumption (tuberculosis) in 1853. (The Spectacular Careerof Clarkson Stanfield).
John* William Blackburn
1851 British Census for Township of Chappel Allerton, Leeds shows:
John Blackburn, age 45 - attorney & Solicitor and Her Majesty Coronerfor the Borough of Leeds, born Yorkshire, Leeds
Marie Theresa Blackburn, age 43, born Scotland
Marie Field Blackburn, age 18
Darcy Stanfield Blackburn, age 16
Helen Rebecca Blackburn, age 15
Isabella Harvey Blackburn, age 11
Nathan Wellesley Blackburn, age 9
Solicitor and H.M. Coroner for Leeds
Email to Jeff Wright, March 17, 2003:
Dear Dr Wright,
Thank you for your email of 16th March concerning your Great Great
Grandfather John Blackburn.
I have checked through our copies of the Law List and have found the
following entry information.
John Blackburn was admitted as a solicitor in the Easter Term of 1829.The
information I have indicates that he practised until 1865 as he doesnot
appear in the Law List for 1866 but appears up to that year. He islisted
as having been a member of the Metropolitan and Provincial LawAssociation.
During his time as solicitor he held the following positions:
1838-65 - Coroner for Leeds
1844-1860 - Solicitor to Reeth Mining Company
1844-60 - Agent to Scottish Amicable Assurance Office
1851-65 - Perpetual Commissioner
His last entry in 1865 links him to D'Arcy Stanfield Blackburn who
qualified in the Trinity Term 1858. I have not come across this typeof linked entry
before and D'Arcy Stanfield Blackburn is not listed in this volumeanywhere
else - perhaps he was John Blackburn's partner? I must stress I donot
know for certain.
I hope this information is of assistance to you.
Library Resource Manager
The Law Society Library
113 Chancery Lane
28. John William Vernon Blackburn
In 1861 census, shown as living at home with widowed father, age 29,occupation Barrister at Law
33. Arthur Wellesley Blackburn
1861 census shows a Arthur Wellesley Blackburn, son, age 19,[something] Clert to a Solicitor